By Karl Grossman
With Wall Street unwilling to finance new nuclear plants, U.S. Senators Joseph Lieberman of Connecticut and John Warner of Virginia have cooked up a scheme to provide $544 billion -Â yes, with a â€œbâ€ — in subsidies for new nuclear power plant development.
Their move will be debated on the floor of the Senate Tuesday, June 3.
A Lieberman aide describes the plan as “the most historic incentive for nuclear in the history of the United States.”
The Lieberman-Warner scheme is cloaked in a climate change bill — the claim being that nuclear power plants donâ€™t emit greenhouse gases and thus donâ€™t contribute to global warming. However, the overall â€œnuclear cycleâ€ Â- which includes mining, milling, fuel enrichment and fabrication, and reprocessing — has significant greenhouse gas emissions that do contribute to global warming.
Moreover, nuclear power is enormously dangerous. Accidents like the Chernobyl explosion of 1986 stand to kill and leave many people with cancer. Nuclear plants routinely emit life-threatening radioactivity. Safeguarding nuclear waste for millions of years is an insoluble problem.
Nevertheless, there have long been powerful forces in government and the nuclear industry promoting atomic energy.
Wall Street is uneasy — rightfully regarding nuclear power as terribly risky. Six of the nationâ€™s largest investment banks including CitiGroup, Merrill Lynch and Morgan Stanley last year told the U.S. Department of Energy that the risks â€œmake lenders unwillingâ€¦to extend long-term credit.â€
Enter Senators Lieberman and Warner.
Safe energy advocates are outraged by their scheme. Brent Blackwelder, president of Friends of the Earth, says: â€œItâ€™s time to focus on real global warming solutions like solar, wind and energy efficiency, not to further fatten the moribund nuclear calf.â€
John Passacantando, executive director of Greenpeace USA, says: “After 50 years of unresolved safety and waste disposal issues, it perplexes many Americans why Congress would support massive subsidies for the nuclear industry. Nuclear power is a dirty and dangerous distraction from real global warming solutions.â€
Kevin Kamps of Beyond Nuclear says: â€œIf the nuclear power industry attains this $500 billion-plus in federal taxpayer subsidies, it would effectively double the subsidies this industry has already enjoyed over the course of the past 50 years which has made it the single most subsidized industry in the energy sector.â€
â€œTaxpayers should not be asked to continue bankrolling a nuclear power industry that has never been financially or environmentally viable,â€ says Sandra Schubert, director of government affairs for the Environmental Working Group. And this â€œespeciallyâ€ must not happen â€œin times of tight budgets.â€ Instead, government â€œshould do everything in its power to rapidly pursue clean energy solutions like solar and wind.â€
Sneakily, the $544 billion for nuclear power is not specifically listed in the Lieberman-Warner measure. It is â€œcovertâ€ legislative sleight-of-hand, says Blackwelder, with the nuclear subsidy contained in a â€œvaguely-entitled category for zero and low carbon energy technologies.â€
â€œWhy are they hiding it?â€ asks Joan Claybrook, president of Public Citizen. â€œBecause they know that the environmental movement in this country is serious about addressing climate change and will not tolerate a reversion to dangerous, dirty and expensive nuclear energy.â€
â€œItâ€™s so deceitful,â€ says Kay Drey of Beyond Nuclear, who is also incensed that the media have virtually made no mention of â€œthis would-be half-trillion dollar nuclear bail-out.â€
The Nuclear Information and Resource Service has organized a campaign for people to e-mail or write or telephone their senators to stop the Lieberman-Warner effort.
But the move has major support in the Senate -Â especially from John McCain, the presumptive Republican candidate for president.
Among the subsidies nuclear power already gets is $20 billion approved by Congress and President Bush only last year. And thereâ€™s a law Congress passed, called the Price-Anderson Act, that limits liability to $10 billion for a catastrophic accident — although, according to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, this is a small fraction of what a nuclear plant disaster could cause in property damage, not to mention birth defects, cancers and deaths.
Turning to nuclear power to deal with climate change is like trying to treat heroin addiction with crack. Lieberman and Warner would have us pay for hundreds of billions of dollars for atomic crack.
Itâ€™s not too late to contact your senators and urge them to vote no on the Lieberman-Warner scheme.
Karl Grossman is a professor of journalism at the State University of New York/College at Old Westbury, author of several books on nuclear technology and host of the nationally syndicated TV program Enviro Close-Up ( www.envirovideo.com).