Uranium mill tailings cleanup started in 1978 following passage
of the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act (UMTRCA). UMTRAP
was created as result of the Act, and has since provided the impetus
for the development and use of a wide range of reclamation technologies
- multiple-layer covers; low-angle, armored, erosion-resistant
side slopes; and long-term post-closure care plans - that are
used for uranium and other mill tailings sites world-wide. The
UMTRCA legislation originally specified cleanup at 24 sites in
10 states. However, several of the original 24 sites have been
consolidated for reclamation, and others removed. The "Overview"
demonstrates that, though almost all of the surface remediation
has been completed at the UMTRAP sites, significantly more effort
and time is needed before groundwater clean-up work at the sites
is completed. More
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and Navajo EPA, along with
four federal agencies, outlined a five-year plan Wednesday to clean
up 50 years of uranium contamination on the Navajo Nation. More...
As a result of October 2007 federal hearings that exposed the complete
lack of any attempt at cleaning up the abandoned mines on Navaho
lands for years, federal agencies led by the EPA release this new
fiver year plan in May of 2008. More...
This is EPA's overview of the uranium mining in the U.S. It includes
a brief history of uranium mining, a
database of 4,000 uranium mines, and the EPA's role in dealing
with the mines Plus
technical reports. More...
WINDOW ROCK The House Oversight and Government Reform Committee
plans to hold feet to fire, as Rep. Elijah Cummings
succinctly put it, to ensure the Navajo people do not have to wait
another 60 years to see something done about the contamination across
Navajoland from past uranium mining and milling activities. More...
WASHINGTON The Energy Department estimates it could cost
up to $1 billion to clean up the uranium mill tailings in Moab by
2019, based on an anticipated report issued to Congress late Tuesday.
This is the DOE's UMTRA official cleanup history of Shiprock Mill
site on Navaho land in New Mexico. More...
Some laws, such as the Clean Air Act and Safe Drinking Water Act,
address radioactive contaminants only as part of the much larger
problem of exposure to environmental contaminants. Other laws, such
as the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Land Withdrawal Act, directly
address EPA's role in the disposal of radioactive waste.Since it
was established in 1970, EPA's radiation protection program has
evolved as each of the laws we use was passed and put to work.
This is the DOE's UMTRA' Project's database page for the sites
it had cleaned up throught 1999 at a cost of $1.4 billion. It
includes links to each cleanup project with histories. More...